1. WEATHER

The weather in Brazil varies a lot depending on the time of the year and the region. Most of the country experiences hot and humid summers (December to March). In the winter, the South and Southeast regions of the country generally have mild temperatures with few days of cold weather, below 5 oC. In some mountainous parts of southern Brazil, it may snow between June and August.

 

2. TIME

The official standard time in Brazil is Brasília Time (UTC -3), adopted in the Southeast, Northeast and South regions of Brazil plus the states of Tocantins, Goiás, Pará and Amapá. The Southeast, South and Midwest regions observe the daylight saving time (UTC -2), between the first Sunday of November and the third Sunday of February each year.

 

3. CURRENCY AND ATM SERVICE

The official currency of Brazil is the Real (BRL). Business establishments in the country do not accept other currencies. Visitors must exchange foreign currencies into BRL in advance.

Currencies such as euro or dollar can be converted to/from BRL more easily.

Currency exchange bureaus can be found at international airports, major hotels and banks throughout the cities. When making a currency exchange, banks and exchange bureaus also require a passport or other identification documents in order to proceed with the operation. Automated teller machines (ATM) may be easily found throughout the cities, but only Reais can be withdrawn.

 

4. USEFUL TELEPHONE NUMBERS

Police: 190

Fire Brigade: 193

Emergency Medical Service (SAMU): 192

 

5. VOLTAGE AND PLUG OUTLETS

Brazil uses two different voltages, 127 and 220 volts. The city of Brasília uses only 220 volts, while Curitiba , Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo use only 127 volts. To check the voltage of other cities, please refer to the following website (in Portuguese only): http://www.abradee.com.br/setor-de-distribuicao/niveis-de-tensao/

Brazil uses the N type (3 pins) plug outlets.

It is strongly recommended to bring plug adapters and converters.

 

6. VISA REQUIREMENTS

To check the need of a visa, please access the link: http://www.portalconsular.itamaraty.gov.br/images/qgrv/QGRV-simples-ing-Aug02.pdf.

See, below, a mere indicative list:

Russia: no visa required on diplomatic, official or common passport for a period of  until 90 days. Visa exemption for holders of ordinary passports, for a period not exceeding 90 days.

India: no visa required on diplomatic, official or common passport for a period of until 90 days. Visa required for holders of ordinary passports.

China: no visa required on diplomatic, official or service passports for a period of until 30 days. Visa required for holders of ordinary passports and passport for Public Affairs.

South Africa: no visa required on diplomatic, official or common passport for a period of until 90 days. Visa exemption for holders of ordinary passports, for a period not exceeding 90 days.

Although it is not mandatory to all nationalities, it is strongly recommended that all foreign citizens prior to travel to Brazil certify that their passport is valid for at least six months. It is also necessary proof of residence (hotel reservation, for example), proof of maintenance (money, credit card etc.) and a return ticket.

  

7. LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE AND THE USE OF OTHER LANGUAGES

Brazil´s official language is Portuguese.

English and Spanish are wide spread in the largest cities of the country, especially in touristic areas.

 

8. TELEVISION, NEWS AND OTHER SOURCES OF INFORMATION

The open channels in Brazil only broadcast content in Portuguese. Most hotels have cable TV with foreign channels.

Some movie theaters may show movies in the original language, with subtitles in Portuguese.

  

9. VACCINES AND HEALTH INFORMATION

VACCINES

It is suggested that foreigners consult with ones embassies in Brasilia regarding vaccines recommendations before traveling to Brazil.

Officially, no vaccines are required to enter Brazil, but it is strongly recommended to take the vaccine against yellow fever 10 days prior to traveling to the country.

For more information about epidemics, please refer to the website of the Ministry of Health of Brazil, in the link below: http://portalms.saude.gov.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9643 .